Lubricant - a preparation to reduce friction
Grease is a specialized substance that is used to lubricate various elements of machines and devices. It is used to reduce friction and prevent corrosion. Lubrication is so important in industry and mechanics because it prevents frictional wear. However, friction not only wears the components, but also generates heat, which can lead to overheating and damage to the device.
The lubricant forms a film that covers the surface of the components and creates a barrier between them. Thanks to this, the elements can freely rotate or move without unnecessary abrasion. Lubrication is also important as it prevents corrosion. Corrosion is the process of oxidation of metals, which leads to their degradation and weakening. Lubricants form a protective layer that prevents metals from coming into contact with moisture or other chemicals, which prevents the corrosion process.
Types of lubricants and their use
There are many types of lubricants that are designed for different applications.
Here are some examples:
Mineral lubricants: made from mineral base oils. They are inexpensive and readily available, but they are less durable and less resistant to high temperatures than other types of lubricants. They are often used in low-loaded elements.
Synthetic lubricants: made from synthetic oils such as polyalphaolefin (PAO) oils or esters. They are more durable and resistant to high temperatures than mineral greases. They are often used in highly loaded elements.
Fluorine greases: greases of the highest quality PFPE, thickened with PTFE, high-temperature, additive-free, resistant to chemicals and acids, allowed to work with oxygen. Used in the automotive, food, aviation, space, nuclear, metallurgical and chemical industries.
Polymer lubricants blended from polymers such as polyurethanes or polyacrylates. They are very durable and resistant to high loads, as well as resistant to high temperatures. They are often used in components with high wear.
Silicones: waterproof and heat resistant. They are often used in devices that are exposed to moisture or high temperatures.
Lithium greases are very durable and resistant to high loads. They are often used in bearings and other components that are exposed to heavy loads.
Chain lubricants intended for the lubrication of bicycle and motorcycle chains or devices equipped with a chain.
Greases for bearings such as ball bearings, roller bearings, etc. They are available in different types, such as mineral, synthetic or polymer greases, depending on the type of bearing and operating conditions.
Lubricants for racks mounted in various equipment such as gears, couplings, etc. They are available in different types depending on the type of racks and operating conditions.
High temperature greases are designed to lubricate components that are exposed to high temperatures. They are available in different types depending, for example, on the maximum operating temperature.
Use high-quality lubricants
Lubrication is important to ensure the efficiency and performance of components.
Components that are properly lubricated are more efficient and serviceable than those that are poorly lubricated or not lubricated at all.
Lubrication ensures longer component life, meaning they don't need to be replaced as often.
Using grease is important for safety. Components that are not properly lubricated may be more prone to failure and, depending on the type of component, may pose a risk to users or bystanders. Therefore, it is important to check the lubricant level regularly and top up if necessary.
Lubrication is also important for company savings. Components that are inadequately lubricated or not lubricated at all are more likely to fail and require more frequent repair or replacement. This means additional costs for repairs or replacement of components. Therefore, regular lubrication can help reduce the maintenance costs of machinery and equipment by preventing breakdowns and extending their service life.
Choose a lubricant for your needs
Choosing the right lubricant can be a daunting task as there are many types of lubricants available in the market.
Type of element - first of all, consider the type of element that will be lubricated. Some greases are designed to lubricate bearings, others to lubricate chains, and others to lubricate sprockets, etc.
Operating Conditions - Under what conditions the item will be operated. If the component is exposed to heavy loads or high temperatures, a lubricant with appropriate properties must be selected.
Grease Type - There are mineral, synthetic and polymer greases. Each of these types has its own characteristics and applications, so you should choose the one that best suits the device you want to work with.
Consistency - Lubricants come in different consistencies such as liquid, solid or paste. Select the consistency best suited to lubricating the component.
Here are some criteria to consider when choosing a lubricant:
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Lubrication is an important part of keeping machinery and equipment in good condition. It prevents frictional wear, protects against corrosion and ensures efficiency and performance. It is important to use the correct grease for the application, taking into account factors such as operating temperature, load, humidity, chemicals, cleanliness requirements and price. Lubrication is also important for cost savings and environmental protection.
If you do not have experience and do not know which lubricant to choose, write to us or call us - we will help and send optimal lubricants to your company or home.